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French - 1666+r
French - 1697"]sThese pieces be most serviceable for battery being within 80 paces of their mark which is the chief of their force.Cannon RoyalCannonCannon SerpentineBastard CannonDemi-cannonCulverinBasiliko
Demi-culverinBastard culverinThese pieces be good and serviceable to be mixed with the above ordce. For battery to pierce being crossed with the rest as also fit for castles forts and walls to be planted for defence.SakerMinionFalconetWeight of Piece (lb.)Weight of Shot (lb.)Weight of Powder (lb.)Point-blank Range (paces)Extreme Range (paces)--NThese pieces are good and serviceable for the field and most ready for defencePoint BlankCannon of 50 lb.Cannon of 45 lb.Cannon of 40 lb.Cannon of 35 lb.Cannon of 30 lb.Demi-cannon of 25 lb.Demi-cannon of 12 lb.Demi-cannon of 20 lb.Third-cannon of 12 lb.Culverin of 20 lb.Culverin of 22 lb.Culverin of 18 lb.Culverin of 15 lb.Demi-culverin of 12 lb.Demi-culverin of 10 lb.Demi-culverin of 8 lb.Saker of 6 lb.Falcon of 4 lb.Falcon of 2 lb.Ranges (paces)Weight of Gun (lb)Weight of Shot (lb)Length of Gun (calibres)Weight of Piece (lb)Length of Piece (ft)FalconRobinetXand the increased strength of the smaller pieces are worth notice. (William Eldred; TheU Gunner's Glasse, 1646)This was drawn up by John Sheriffe and is to be found in S.P. 12/242, nos. 64, 65. It is possible that it represents a rather antiquated practice.Weight of Ball (lb)Point-blank Range (ft)Extreme Range (ft)Gunners and LoadersCalibre (lb)Whole Cannon (Flemish)Whole Cannon (French)Demi-cannon (Flemish)Great Culverin (French)Quarter CannonEigth Cannon (Saker)Sixteenth CannonCharge (lb)French whole cannonSpanish demi-cannonFrench demi-canonFrench qtr. cannonSpanish qtr. cannonMoyenne150-800 - 2/'dont les noms bizarres sont presque inconnus'.Ordnance of the latest typeWeight (lb)24-pr6 ft. 7.75 in.16-pr6 ft. 2.33 in.12-pr6 ft. 1.25 in.8-pr4 ft. 11.83 in.4-pf4 ft. 9 in.:These new pieces had a chamber larger than the bore, were Lconsequently wider at the breech than the old, and cast shorter and lighter.
Ranges at 45C(Guns of the old type charged with two-thirds of the weight of the -ball in powder, the new type with one-third.)4500 yd.4040 yd.3740 yd.3320 yd.4-pr3040 yd.3"L'on ne s'accorde point sur la Porte des Pices."$%-.NThe windages allowed vary from .21 in. for the 33-pr. To .11 in. for the 4-pr.
Mortar RangesCalibre 12 inch.\Range 240 feet to 2160 feet, elevation 5 - 45 deg., charge 2 lb. Increase per deg. 48 feet.`Range 2160 feet to 2700 feet, elevation 36 - 45 deg., charge 2 lb. Increase per deg. 60 feet.?@YRange 2664 to 3240 feet, elevation 37 - 45 deg., charge 3 lb. Increase per deg. 72 feet.Calibre 8 inch.WRange 210 to 1890 feet, elevation 5 - 45 deg., charge lb. Increase per deg. 42 feet.67YRange 1922 to 2790 feet, elevation 31 - 45 deg., charge lb. Increase per deg. 62 feet.89XRange 2870 to 3690 feet, elevation 34- 45 det., charge 1 lb. Increase per deg. 82 feet.](Surirey de Saint-Rmy, Mmoires d' Artillerie (1697), vol. 1. pp. 57, 60, 70, 77, 258, 261.) ./12345678910*32-pr., 9 ft. 6 in. long, charge 10-11 lb.&24-pr., 9 ft. 6 in. long, charge 6 lb.&24-pr., 6 ft. 6 in. long, charge 6 lb.&12-pr., 8 ft. 6 in. long, charge 4 lb.%9-pr., 8 ft. 6 in. long, charge 3 lb.(All ranges in yards, ed.)I. English: c. 1590 Sir William Monson c.1630.Hall, Alfred Rupert. Ballistics in the Seventeenth Century: A study in the relations of science and war with reference principally to England. ,Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1952II. Spanish: c. 1603 o (Diego del Prado y Tovar, Encyclopaedia de Fundicion de Artilleria y su Platica Manual (1603), pp. 8 et seq.) Xe nIII. English: Civil War Period Calibre of Piece 1 (in)Y1 Probably in. should be allowed for windage. The simplification of the classificationFIV. French: 1666 (de la Fontaine: Les Fortifications Royales, 92-). % DV. French: 1697 =The names culverin and saker belong to pieces now disused andLength (ft.)DBy way of comparison the following table of ranges of naval ordnanceHin 1820 is given from A Treatise of Naval Gunnery by Sir Howard Douglas. 1
Falcon of 2 S!none statedHeight of Piece (in.) 1~2 Despite the name Sheriffe apparently gives the weight of an iron ball. With very minor changes the same table is given by Points of the Quandrant 1 -->r1 That is, 1st point = 7; 2nd point = 15; 3rd point = 22; 4th point = 30; 5th point = 37; 6th point = 45Length of piece11 ft.
10 ft. 10 in.
10 ft. 9 in.
10 ft. 7 in.10 ft. 7 in.7 ft.n"The Brevity and the secret of the Art of great ordnance necessary for all generals for their present memory."Cannon perrier24 1/4 2H1 The diameter of the ball would be less by in. allowed for windage../Thirtysecond Cannon2097 12204 11 misprint?
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